We want the best - and tastiest - for our canine lover! Nevertheless, the labels on dog kibble are sometimes difficult to read or contain words that we do not understand. Let's tell once and for all what the composition of dog kibble looks like, which will not only taste good to your dog, but above all will provide him with all the necessary nutrients.
MEAT AS THE MAIN INGREDIENT
In recent years, we have become accustomed to carefully reading food labels and do not buy products that contain too much salt, have a low meat content or just "E"s. And we should also approach the kibble that we serve to our canine pets on a daily basis. A simple tool applies to choosing quality kibble for a healthy dog – meat first ! Be sure to look at the kibble label to make sure the meat content is listed first. If so, then you are half won. We should then find on the label of quality granules a detailed breakdown of the meat used , as well as the percentage of dried and fresh meat. Although it is true that pellets that contain at least 30% meat after heat treatment are suitable for dogs, in practice, of course, the more meat, the better for your pet. The origin of the meat is not negligible either - quality brands like to boast that their meat comes from sustainable or organic farms.
CARBOHYDRATES: YES, BUT BEWARE OF GLUTEN!
If you have found cereals in the first or second place on the kibble label, get smarter! Whether it's wheat, wheat flour, or other grain ingredients, no way they should not dominate the composition of the granules . Although gluten may not harm your dog, it is generally harder for dogs to digest and can lead to digestive problems or allergies. We therefore consider it to be an ideal source of carbohydrates sweet potatoes, potatoes, rice, millet or oats . We can't forget either vegetables and fruits , which are not only a source of carbohydrates, but also of vitamins, fiber and antioxidants. Check the kibble label for things like pumpkin, apples, carrots or spinach. The role of carbohydrates in the diet should not be underestimated. They are quality carbohydrates an important source of energy , which the dog needs just like us humans.
FOCUSED ON FATS
We can't forget either fat content . If you have quality pellets with a high meat content, then approx. 12% of the fat will be obtained by the dog from this animal source. They can also appear in granules saturated fat that would they were not supposed to have a high representation . On the contrary, it does no harm if the granules contain unsaturated fats, for example cold-pressed fish oil or seaweed. All in all, quality granules should contain approx 10-15% fat . However, definitely do not follow this number when you have a small puppy at home (requires more fat) or an elderly dog (requires less fat).
IT CAN'T GO WITHOUT VITAMINS AND MINERALS
It probably won't surprise anyone that vitamins and minerals also play an important role in a dog's diet. When examining the label, especially check that the kibble contains vitamin A, vitamin B (folic acid), vitamin D3 and vitamin E. From vegetables and fruits, the dog can get vitamin C. Also focus on the mineral content, especially calcium (for maintaining healthy bones and teeth), iron (for good blood clotting), zinc (for immune system support), magnesium (for proper muscle and nervous system function) and phosphorus (for healthy bones and teeth). Ideal granules will contain minerals in form chelate or of protein , which are easier for dogs to use.
Even if it is not easy, take care with the choice of dog kibble. Research the ingredients, focus on the percentage of meat and avoid a high percentage of wheat or corn. Keep your hands (and dog's paws) away from granules that contain genetically modified ingredients, dyes, preservatives or flavorings. When choosing granules you they can help also declaration of compliance with quality standards , such as AAFCO (The Association of American Feed Control Officials) or FEDIAF (European Pet Food Industry Federation).